What is 2 Green?
2 Green readers can read 75–120 Power Words at flash speed.
At this level, your child will know 75–120 Power Words and will use them as a reliable and familiar support framework when reading. He will be able to read these words in books he has never seen before and out of context, such as on lists and flash cards, at flash speed. The combined 1G and 2G Power Words (totaling 120 words) make up more than 50 percent of the words used in English text. When your reader comes to a word he doesn’t know, he will successfully use initial consonant blends (sp-, tr-, etc.) and four digraphs (sh–, ch–, th–, wh–) as clues to help figure out a new word.
What Makes 2 Green Books Unique?
2 Green books are written using a word bank of only 120 high-frequency sight words (e.g., like play, down, there) and words that are clued by the picture, the first letter sounds, and/or the syntax.
Try reading this sample 2 Green book
Teach Your Child to be 2 Green
Minimum Entry Requirement: Initial Consonant Blends & Digraphs
When your reader comes to a word he don’t know, he will successfully use initial consonant blends (sp-, tr-, etc) and four digraphs (sh–, ch–, th–, wh–) as clues to help figure out a new word. All the games you used to teach initial consonant sounds in 3 Yellow will work for blends and digraphs, too.
- Consonant blends are two (or three) consonants together in which each consonant can be heard in the single blended sound. The blends your child will first learn are:
br–, cr–, dr–, fr–, gr–, pr–, tr–, wr–
bl–, cl–, fl–, gl–, pl–, sl–
sc–, sk–, sm–, sn–, sp–, st–, sw–, tw–
- Digraphs are two consonants which when combined make a distinct single sound that does not correspond to the sounds the letters make. The four most common digraphs your child will learn first are:
sh–, ch–, th–, wh–
Learning to Read 2 Green Books
Minimum Entry Requirement: 85 Power Words
Can your child read all of the 1G Power Words and at least 25 of the 2G Power Words anywhere, anytime, without having to stop to try to “sound them out”? Yes? Go right to Coaching Tips.
If not, help your child learn these words before asking him to try 2 Green books.
Learning the Power Words at 2 Green poses the same set of challenges as learning the Power Words at 1 Green. Continue to build upon the types of activities that worked for your child at 1 Green. If you didn’t need to use the activities at 1 Green, you may need to try them for the 2 Green Power Words. Remember, children typically need to see and say a new word 40 times before they know it.
- Flash Cards: Use our laminated Power Word cards on a ring, or make your own flash cards and keep them in a ziplock bag.
- Speed Games: Adrenaline actually helps to encode words into memory, so play hard and play fast. If your child isn’t up on his feet, try to say the words as fast as he can—adrenaline isn’t kicking in yet. Make it a race to see how fast he can say all the words, using the flash cards or the 2 Green Skills Card.
- Concentration: Make 2 cards for each word and lay all the words out facedown in a grid. Take turns turning over 2 cards. If the words match, and your child can read the word, he gets the match.
- Go Fish: Make 2 cards for each word and play the traditional card game Go Fish, taking turns asking for and then drawing cards until a player gets a Power Word match. We recommend playing with just 10 words at a time.
- Sandwiching: Because Power Words are low-meaning, they aren’t that interesting to learn, so it can help to “sandwich” them with words that your child loves and cares about. Make up some flash cards for high-meaning, special words (e.g., the dog’s name, sibling’s name, best friend, cartoon character, etc.) and “sandwich” in the Power Words to form short sentences.
- Kinesthetic Encoding: It’s time to get active. Write the words on a large piece of paper, some poster board, an easel, or a blackboard. Ask your child to stand up and pretend to trace the letters in the air using his arm in big, sweeping motions as he slowly says the word (not the letters). Turn on some good tunes and have fun with the big motions.
- Auditory/Visual/Tactile Encoding: Get out the crayons and markers and practice writing the words. As your child writes the word, have him also say the word slowly (stretched out). You want him to say the whole word, not the letters, to help encode the entire word into long-term memory.
2 Green Coaching Tips
- Your child should be able to read the title of the book, but you may need to help him with any new words.
- When your child comes to a “tricky word,” encourage him to self-prompt using these four "Word Attack Strategies."
- Stop if something doesn’t look right, sound right, or make sense.
- Look at the picture.
- Say the first letter sound (or blend/digraph if the word starts with one).
- Re-read by going back and trying again.
- If your child gets stuck on a word that he got right when it appeared on an earlier page in the book, ask him to go back and re-read that earlier page and then try it again. Word repetition is common in 2 Green books for this purpose.
- Point out punctuation marks to your child and encourage him to pause for commas, raise his voice for question marks, and add some excitement for exclamation points. When you do a read-aloud for a bedtime story, you can point out punctuation and show how it guides you to read with expression.
- Ask your child questions about what he’s read to keep the focus on thinking and learning, not just on whether he got all the words right. Below are some sample questions to ask. Avoid, however, making it sound as if you are testing your child. If your reader doesn’t know the answers, help him go back in the book to help find the answers together.
- About the plot: “Can you tell me what happened in this book?”
- About specific topics: “Can you tell me something that animal likes to eat?”
- About his opinion: “What was your favorite part of the book?” or “How do you think the dog felt when the cat ate his food?”
- In addition to the Power Words, there are “category” words your child will begin to master. These words appear on the 2 Green Skills Card for the following categories: Contractions, Number Words, Days of the Week, Colors, Family Members, Shapes, and Direction Words.
2 Green—What Mistakes Should I Correct?
- Make sure your child says one word for each word on the page.
- Make sure the words your child supplies start with the right first letter and make sense.
- When your child is stuck on a new Power Word that is hard to guess based on the meaning of the sentence, just tell him the word.